The benefits of green coffee

Green coffee supplements are getting very popular nowadays with people trying to lose some weight without much effort.

The epidemic of obesity and diabetes continue unabated in the United States and Europe. This is due to a life style that is costing our economies billions of dollars every year in medical costs. Indeed eating too much and getting overweight or obese is not just a matter of being unattractive physically, it also has drastic negative consequences for your health.

Diabetes in particular is not really a disease per se, but the condition itself leads to numerous diseases, such as heart disease, liver disease or eye diseases to name a few. Type-2 diabetes is due to an excess of glucose in the system, and this sugar ultimately lands on various organs and cells in the body where its unwelcome abundance creates damages.

Diabetes can be treated with medication but the better way is to have a normal weight and body mass, to eat healthy and to exercise. If people did that, most of the cases of type-2 diabetes would be gone. Taking green coffee capsules twice daily can help too, as a study recently found that the chlorogenic acid found in green coffee decreases glucose released in the blood stream after a meal.

The problem of obesity is most acute in the USA, and now it is rising in Europe and Canada too. In Asia on the other hand it is not yet so prevalent. Japanese in particular are mostly skinny, as their diet is based on raw fish and vegetable with some rice. The overweight sumo wrestlers are really the exception and these athletes indeed need to force themselves to overeat in order to gain weight. And they use a western diet to do that, with a lot of hamburgers, pizzas and other fattening food.

So it is the modern western way of eating that is responsible for the situation, as well as the large food companies that produce and market these unhealthy products. How many ads for pizza do we see on a daily basis. Of course everyone loves pizza, but that food is not one of the most healthy as it has saturated carbohydrates, which are the things to avoid. On the contrary raw vegetable and fruit are the best, but you will not see much ads for that. The reason is that the food companies make their money from processed food.

Yes they make their profits from the processed food they create. If they were to compete for all selling the same raw food such as strawberries, they could not make the same level of profits. They have created demand for processed food and now they create new supply and make new demand. But remember processed food is the less healthy. And thankfully green coffee bean extract supplements are 100% natural, and they can help you trim the unwanted pounds you have accumulated over the years.

Benefits of mineral water

France is the epitome of not just cheese, but mineral water as well. In France, there are 1200 mineral water springs which is 20% of the European total. These mineral waters have a specific chemical composition that gives them therapeutic benefits. Below we show an overview of the benefits of mineral waters.

Categories of mineral waters

There are 5 main types of mineral waters.

- bicarbonate waters: They are used to treat certain gastrointestinal and liver hepatobiliary. They are also used to treat acne and burns through their anti-inflammatory, soothing and healing properties.
- sulphated waters: These are used for diseases of the kidney, certain metabolic diseases, the treatment of eczema, scars and burns.
- sulphurous waters: Their high content of sulfur has an effect on mucous membranes. They are also used to fight against respiratory diseases such as asthma.
- chlorinated waters: They have a stimulating effect on growth and are indicated in the treatment of developmental disorders.
- oligo-metalic waters: They are used in rheumatology and to treat some neurological diseases.

Mineral waters have a variable mineral content. If it is too high (more than 2 grams per liter), such water is not really drinkable. It is considered as a drug and should be consumed in small quantities only. some waters even contain some gold. Doctors recommend that people vary their mineral water consumption to enjoy each specific benefit.

The major commercial mineral waters are:

- St. Yorre, Vichy Célestins: rich in bicarbonates, it has excellent anti-acids.
- Rozana: rich in magnesium and calcium, it participates in neuromuscular functioning and helps solidify the bones.
- Hépar, Badoit: rich in magnesium, it provides good muscle relaxation after exercise.
- Courmayeur: rich in sulfate and calcium, it is used to facilitate the removal of fat.
- Evian, Valvert: these waters are slightly mineralized and as such are recommended for infants.
- Contrex, Vittel: these calcic waters play a role in the growth and strength of bones.
- Volvic: this water with little soda is rich in rare elements such as vanadium.
- Badoit, St Amand: they are fluoridated and contribute to the growth of bone and teeth.

What is the difference between spring water and mineral water

Source water comes from groundwater. They are bottled at their place of emergence and are subject to specific regulations. They all naturally comply with drinking water standards. Source water may undergo certain purifying treatments to remove unstable elements such as iron, manganese or gasses. Be aware that a few spring waters can hide under a single brand. If you usually buy a specific brand in one location, the water contained in bottles of the same brand in another place could not be the same. Waters come mostly from local sources because of transportation costs.

On the other hand mineral waters are rich in minerals and oligo elements and have therapeutic properties. They are required to have received approval from a National authority, recognizing its health benefits. Mineral waters should not have undergone any treatment: their composition must be the same as when they are underground. France has 1200 sources and more than 70 brands of mineral waters. Each French person consumes about 141 liters of mineral water per year. But they must pay dearly to enjoy the benefits of mineral waters as they cost about 1000 times more than tap water.

Battery Park

One of our favorite parks is Battery Park, at the southern tip of Manhattan, New York City.

First and foremost if you stand there, you will be facing the Statue of Liberty. Is there a more iconic urban landmark? This construction by the French is quite amazing as it stands in the middle of the sea, welcoming visitors and seafarers from all over the world. You will also see a few islands including Ellis Island where millions of immigrants passed through in past centuries.

The park itself at Battery Park is a rather small green, with Clinton Castle, a nice bank along the sea, a few statues like the American eagle and survivors. This is where “Desperately seeking Susan” was filmed with Madonna. You can take ferries from there to visit the Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island or Staten Island.

What is even more interesting is that from Battery Park, you can walk up north for miles on each side, with a fantastic New York City panorama.

If you go to the West you will find what is called Battery Park City Parks, which is a series of small parks, gardens and lawns along the Hudson River. There is the Esplanade which is a beautiful and peaceful path along the water from South Cove to North Cove and beyond. You can keep on walking for many miles like that, up to 50th street and more. You will see plenty of artistic work such as various statues, in bronze, metal or stone. Memorials too like the Irish Hunger Memorial

North Cove is one of the few spots on Manhattan Island where yachts can park and you will see some wealthy people dining on their boat there in the summer. There is also a yachting school for the kids.

Or you could also walk on the East Side from Battery Park along the East River. On that side the city has not done the same kind of renovation work as they did on the west side, but the walk is nevertheless very picturesque. You will walk below the Brooklynn Bridge and the Manhattan Bridge first on concrete but then there are parks too, with baseball and soccer fields. You can walk like that all the way to Midtown.

Sadly flooding can ruin this area, so avoid the storm season but this is a great way to discover New York City if you like walking, either during the summer sunny days or when it is snowing in the winter. Some even love it when it is raining due to the quite without the tourists.

El Jefe Negro: The Amazon River

El Jefe Negro: Meaning “The Black Boss” in Spanish, there’s good reason why this river has numerous gods named after it. This large river is the 2nd longest behind only the Nile and are far as size, dwarfs the next seven largest rivers combined. That means the Amazon river moves more water than the Yangtze river in China, The Congo in Africa, and The Orinoco in Venezuela, plus 4 other rivers, put together. This “river sea” accounts for 1/5 of all the river flow worldwide. However, this mighty river has humble origins before turning into the largest river on planet Earth.

There has always been some debate regarding the beginning of The Amazon River. Before, some had placed the beginning of The Amazon in one of it’s main tributaries, some distance to the east of the Peruvian Metropolis of Lima. Now, it’s established that The Amazon has it’s humble beginning in Nevado Mismi, in the southern Andes region of Arequipa in Peru. From there, it drains into the Apurimac river, which has it’s confluence in the Ucayali river. From there, the mighty Ucayali river joins the Maranon to form The Amazon River, which continues all the way to it’s mouth in the Atlantic Ocean.

From the beginning of this River by the Peruvian city of Iquitos, the river racks up some impressive statistics. It gains it’s name “the river sea” from it’s impressive width: at times surpassing 30 miles (48km) during wet season! In the lower segments of the Amazon River, the depth is usually around twenty to fifty meters (66-160 feet), although in other segments up to 100 meters (330 feet), deeper than a lot of lakes.

Due to this massive quantity of water, the river also pushes obscene amounts of water into the atlantic. The River is so large it actually rids itself of having a delta, instead opening into a mouth about ~202 miles wide (matter of debate). This large mouth has a plume of fresh water being pushed up to 250 miles (400 kilometers) into the ocean at a rate of about 300,000 cubic meters per second. The fresh water, being lighter than salt water, coasts on top of the ocean water. This phenomenon has caused sailers to report fresh water long before any land is visible. Truly, an impressive river which deserves its name as the “Boss”.

The river dramatically changes the ecosystem of a large portion of all of South America. Having a drainage basin of about 7,050,000 square kilometers (about 2,720,000 square miles), the river is responsible for the creation of The Amazon Rainforest, “The Earth’s Lungs”. The immense rainfall that this region experiences drastically changes the ecosystem from season to season as well. The river has been known to rise over 9 meters (30 feet) during rainy season, causing floodplains and what is known by the local people as varzea, or flooded forests.

These dense, flooded forests host a rich concentration of species, as well as the much prized Acai Palm. Interestingly enough, while a large portion of the river is above sea level, passing the city of Manacaparu in Brazil the river is mostly below sea level, causing scientists to believe the entire Amazon Basin used to be a gulf of the Atlantic Ocean.

The effects of this river can also be felt in the flora and fauna. The Amazon Rainforest accounts for one third of all Earth’s species. To be found in certain tributaries as well as The Orinoco River is the boto, the Amazon River dolphin. This dolphin ranges from gray when young to bright white and pink when mature! Also of interest is the Amazonian Manatee, and the predatory giant river otter.

The fish aren’t anything to ignore either. Whether you’re looking to try the Peruvian delicacy, the Arepaima, or you’re trying to avoid getting eaten alive by the notorious piranha, you’re never alone in the Amazon River. Aquarium hobbyists will also be delighted to know the Discus fish, one of the most beautiful freshwater fish out there, is typically found hiding under large tree roots in the Amazon’s floodplains.

Unfortunately however, as in many natural wonders of the world, the Amazon faces a strong enemy in man. Due to human involvement, many of these native species and habitats along the Amazon are in danger. Vast deforestation in Brazil and other countries harshly affects the former floodplains where these trees used to inhabit. Also, due to the rivers size, freight ships and other boats can easily find their way higher and higher upstream, leading to development in some of the more formerly remote regions of the Amazon.

Because of human meddling, many unique Amazonian creatures, such as the aforementioned giant otter and manatee, are now endangered. Many fish and other fauna are also finding themselves on the critically endangered list. Many remote tribes have also had their way of life disrupted or outright destroyed by greedy corporations in search of rubber and other resources found in the area.

It’s clear, we as mankind should do our part in reversing the damage done by human selfishness. The river is not just rich in resources or water, it is rich in life. It is a lifeline for not just a large portion of South America, but due to the effects on the atmosphere from the rainforest, for the world. Protect what is ours, and we’ll continue to have this Natural Wonder of The World with us for a long time to come.

Municipal Water law

Based on recent forecast, fresh water supply will get tighter and tighter in the future, in the world and particularly in the United States. So it is not an option to remain on the sideline while the situation deteriorates as this will affect all of us one way or the other.

Some States are making good progress to address this problem and implement legislation that tackle the issue. In this regard Washington’s Dept. of Health Rule on Water Efficiency went into effect on January 22, 2007. It affects all municipal water suppliers with 15 connections or more. The Partnership for Water Conservation offers workshops every year to help utilities implement the Rule. For more information contact us or visit our calendar. For more information on the Municipal Water Law and the Water Efficiency Rule we’ve provided a link to the Dept. of Health.

The Partnership is dedicated to providing services that advance our mission of increasing water conservation in the Central Puget Sound Region. We also want to add value to each membership classification and provide a funding resource for the Partnership. We are currently evaluating and prioritizing services. We differentiate between services and programs, defining services as being activities that require a fee-for-service. Programs may or may not require a fee.

We anticipate that the prioritizing of services will be an ongoing process that will need to be revised and refined as the Partnership evolves and conservation issues change within our service area. It depends on the financing options we find. Our Programs & Services Committee is charged with overseeing this process.

Here is a sampling of services we would like to offer:

• Manage rebate programs for small utilities
• Perform, or contract to perform, water audits
• Provide technical expertise on water conservation programs, planning and strategies
• Research and develop effective water conservation tools and education materials
• Research water conservation issues
• Evaluate innovative conservation ideas
• Educate utility personnel on changing conservation rules
Currently the Services Committee and staff are focusing on four service areas:

• Services to the Business & Commercial Sector
• Conservation Specialist Services
• Services Related to a Municipal Water Law Website
• Services Associated with Implementation of the Municipal Water Law

The Partnership will develop and manage a website to allow public notice, access and response to the goal setting and performance reporting elements of the Municipal Water law. Operation of the website and postings would be on a fee-for-service basis. We have already secured website names for that purpose.

The website would have the following features:

• Recognition of and cross linkage to the PWC website
• Posting of notice of utility conservation goal setting notice
• Posting of conservation goal setting background materials, including information such as: times and places for utility goal setting meetings; and links to, or locations of, utility-developed reference and background materials available as part of the goal setting process. Service could vary from a link to a utility website, to publication of notice only, to providing information on the MWL website.
• Posting of conservation performance reporting activities associated with the MWL. This again could vary from posting a link, to providing basic information on the site, to more complex materials.
• An electronic linkage to provide comments on goal setting or performance reporting directly to the utility. As envisioned this would be an enhancement from the basic notice posting and would be provided at an additional fee.

Smart Water Application Technology Program for Irrigation Systems

The Irrigation Association/Water Purveyor sponsored Smart Water Application Technology (SWAT) project you might have heard about is launching. We are now seeking funds for a nationwide $1,000,000 education campaign. The SWAT
Committee is soliciting $500,000 from water utilities, manufacturers and landscapers with the intention of applying for matching fund grants from EPA and/or the Bureau of Reclamation. Details about the market transformation strategy may be found at You can also call with any questions you may have: Jill  641-984-4706 or Jenna 216-684-5955.

SWAT Program Details

Irrigation control technologies, such as weather monitoring sprinkler clocks or soil moisture sensors, have been proven in agriculture and urban parks systems. Until recently these products were priced out of the residential and light commercial markets. Recent advances in these technologies are bringing prices in range for these customers. Water purveyors are in a unique position for assisting conservation tested products to gain market share due to the growing need for managing summer peak demand.

Several products have been tested all over the country, however inconsistent methodology can make comparing results difficult. The SWAT project is focused on developing a nationally accepted conservation testing protocol for sensor/controller products and transforming the market for wider acceptance of conservation tested smart water application technology.

Information about the parallel SWAT project, Climate-based controller and Soil Moisture Sensor testing is also available at Results from conservation testing will be used in market transformation materials as they become available. There is a lot of work to be done in both projects. Thank you for your interest in these cutting edge projects. I hope to see you on the front lines.

Resolution Supporting Smart Water Application Technology

The SWAT Market Transformation Plan and Implementation is the result of very hard working committee members and the company or agency supporting their involvement (listed alphabetically by first name):
David Zoldoske, Center for Irrigation Technology, California State
University in Fresno Doug Bennett, Southern Nevada Water Authority Jenna
Smith, Seattle Public Utilities Jill Hoyenga, Eugene Water & Electric Board
Jeff Sheehan, California Landscape Contractors Association Larry Rohlfes,
California Landscape Contractors Association Lou Bendon, Planned Marketing
Solutions Inc Rick Sabbag, Planned Marketing Solutions Inc Robert Reaves,
Hydropoint Data Systems Inc.
Ron Wolfarth, Rain Bird Corporation
Tom Kimmell, Irrigation Association
Warren Gorowitz, Ewing Irrigation

The plan would not have been possible without the generous contributions of
the following companies/agencies:
Rain Bird Corporation
Seattle Public Utilities
Las Vegas Valley Water District
Eugene Water & Electric Board
San Antonio Water System
California Landscape Contractors Association Aqua Conserve Inc Oregon
Landscape Contractors Association